Surrey canada escort services in response to the movement of German U-boats into the western Atlantic Ocean, the Newfoundland Hewfoundland Force NEF was instituted to cover the convoy escort gap that existed between the local convoy escort in Canada and the United Kingdom.
The newfoundland escort force: navy, part 29 - legion magazine
The adoption of wolfpack and motor torpedo boat tactics solved two problems the U-boat fleet had against the convoy system the Allies had adopted. Locating the convoy and then setting up a concerted attack.
The German adoption of these tactics forced the Allies to alter their own strategy by extending the range of the looking for a fine ass papi into the Atlantic. To neqfoundland around newfoundlabd escorts, the German submarines pushed further out into the Atlantic, setting up their attacks in areas where the close escort was provided by battleshipscruisers or submarines to ward off surface raiders.
To extend the range of their escorts, the United Kingdom occupied Iceland and Canadian-based escorts extended their coverage to the edge of the Grand Banks off Newfoundland.
Procedures and requests
However, the U-boats continued to attack just beyond the range of the escorts, escogt the Allies to cover the gap. John's to cover the gap.
Exclusive ottawa escort moved the forward base of the Canadian escorts nearly a full quarter of the way closer to Iceland. This was the only way shorter-ranged destroyers and smaller escorts could be incorporated into the escort scheme.
Request an escort
This, the lack of essential equipment and lack of training were reasons for the Canadians not to accept the request. This was the establishment of the Newfoundland Escort Force.
Commodore Leonard W. Under the NEF, convoys would sail from Halifax under local escort until reaching the tranny escorts pa where the NEF escort groups would take over. The escortt escorts would leave to refuel at St.
The battle of the atlantic
John's before returning to Halifax. The NEF escorts would escort the convoy to Iceland, where they would turn it over to British-based escorts.
John's with a westbound convoy. The groups were given numeric deations between 14 and The command was planned to have sixty or more units at its disposal. However, the command never operated with more than roughly Ebony escorts in la led to a further lack of training and deterioration of vessels. The missing vessels were mainly destroyers, which were the most capable of escorts.
Their places in the convoy escort groups were often filled by corvettes, the weakest. There was very little reserve force xian escort could be sent to augment convoy battles and vessels delayed their refit schedules, making those ships out on escort less capable.
War at sea - newfoundland's role
Initially, the NEF was composed of fifteen Royal Navy warships; seven destroyers, four sloops and four corvettes, and twenty-three Royal Canadian warships; six destroyers and seventeen corvettes. The first ificant convoy battle erupted around convoy Lonely seeking nsa branford Six merchant vessels were lost in exchange for two U-boats sunk by British reinforcements to the convoy escort.
Manchester escort massage September the U-boats shifted north and encountered convoy SC Escorted by one of NEF's groups and heavily augmented during the ensuing battle, it became the worst loss of the period by Allied escorts with 15 merchant vessels sunk.
During the battle, the Canadian escorts were able to sink one U-boat U In September and October, the Germans began targeting SC convoys at the same time as the Mid-Ocean Meeting Point was moved five degrees further east in order to free British warships for escort duties in other theatres. This decision soon began to affect NEF's capability to operate.
In October, Royal Canadian Navy vessels were averaging 28 out of every 31 days at sea. Both US and British concerns over the force's effectiveness became apparent that month. This area, coupled with the slow speed of SC convoys became so dangerous to the convoy system that in November, convoy SC 52 returned to Canada after it was intercepted by U-boat packs shortly after beginning its trans-Atlantic voyage.
With the entry of the United States into the war in an official capacity in December, command over the western Atlantic was altered. However, with the conflict with Japan in the Pacific needing more escorts, the United States began withdrawing from the battle in the Atlantic. Canadian warships were withdrawn from North Neewfoundland service and sent south to counter the threat. Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes file. Download as PDF Printable version.