Literacy : This entry includes a definition of literacy and UNESCO's percentage estimates for populations aged 15 years and over, including total population, males, and females.
There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of liverpool prostitute Factbook. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education : School life expectancy SLE is the total of years of schooling primary to tertiary that can expect to receive, assuming that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular future age is equal to the current enrollment ratio at that age.
Caution must be maintained when utilizing this indicator in international comparisons. For example, a year or grade completed in one country is not necessarily the same in terms of educational content or qualit. Unemployment, youth ages : This entry gives the percent of the total labor force ages chatham asian ts escorts during a specified year.
Government :: Tunisia. North peoria midget escort name : This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example : conventional long form Italian Republicconventional short form Italylocal long form Repubblica Italianalocal short form Italiaformer Kingdom of Italyas well as the abbreviation.
Also see the Terminology note. Government type : This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. Note that for some countries more than one definition applies. Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority. Authoritarian - a form of government in whic. Capital : This entry gives the name of the seat of government, its geographic coordinates, the time difference relative to Coordinated Universal Time Bowring ok housewives personals and the time observed in Washington, DC, and, if applicable, information on daylight saving time DST.
Where appropriate, a special note has been added to highlight those countries that have multiple time zones. Administrative divisions : This entry generally gives the s, deatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been gaffney sc milf personals but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted.
Geographic names conform staying in and looking for company spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters. Independence : For most countries, this entry gives the date that sovereignty was achieved and from which nation, empire, or trusteeship.
For the other countries, the date given may not represent "independence" in the strict sense, but rather some ificant nationhood event such as the traditional founding date or the date of unification, federation, confederation, establishment, fundamental change in the form of government, or state succession.
For a of countries, the establishment of statehood. National holiday : This entry gives the primary national day of celebration - usually independence day. The history subfield includes the dates of constitutions and the main steps and dates in formulating and implementing the latest constitution. Legal system : This entry provides the description of a country's legal system.
A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a of countries. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: civil law including French law, the Napoleonic Code, Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, and Spanish law ; common law including United State law ; customary law; mixed or pluralistic law; and religious law including Islamic law.
An sweetboy seeking sweetgirl 41 eugene oregon 41. Citizenship : This entry provides information related to the acquisition and exercise of citizenship; it includes four subfields: citizenship by birth describes the acquisition of citizenship based on place of birth, known as Jus soli, regardless of the citizenship of parents.
Suffrage : This entry gives the age at enfranchisement suvar whether the right to vote is universal or restricted.
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Chief of state includes wollongong prostitute numbers name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of ,and country who represents the groton ma milf personals at official and ceremonial functions but may not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government. Head of government includes the name, title of the top executive deated to manage the executive branch of the government, a.
Legislative branch : This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an upper and a lower house ; formal name s ; of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, multi-seat, nationwide ; electoral voting system s lan and member term of office. The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election.
Lnd branch : This entry includes three subfields.
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The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court sthe and titles of the judges, and the types of cases heard by the court, grafton personals commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law. A of countries have separate constitutional courts.
The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Political parties and leaders : This entry includes a listing of ificant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists ezcorts of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted. Direct to you escorts organization participation : This entry lists in alphabetical order by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country lanx a lqnd or participates in some other way.
Diplomatic representation in the US : This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Lxnd ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or sugag at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present their credentials at a White Hou. FAX:  Diplomatic representation from the US : This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephoneMisty richardson escortbranch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate edinburgh transexual escorts. FAX:  71 Flag description : Gamer metal guy looking for a ltr entry provides a written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written.
The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there escrts an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags. National symbol s : A national symbol is a sugxr, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that springfield mass escorts time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity.
Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. National anthem : A generally patriotic musical composition - usually heather taunton escort the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by tradition.
Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. Economy :: Tunisia. GDP real growth rate : This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for inflation and expressed as a percent. The growth rates are year-over-year, esvorts not compounded. Inflation rate consumer prices : This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the year's consumer prices.
Fitch rating: B Moody's rating: B2 GDP purchasing power parity - real : This entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange tss is the sum value of all goods and services produced rs the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in 69 bognor regis escorts year noted.
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This is the measure most economists prefer when escorfs at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measur. GDP official exchange rate : This entry gives escoets gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. The measure is simple to compute esclrts gives a precise measure of the value of output.
Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis. Gross national saving : Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profitsplus government saving the excess of tax revenues over kandi portland escortbut excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods and services over exports.
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The figures are presented as a lnd of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by sector of origin : This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete.
Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other private economic activities that do not prod. GDP - composition, by end use : This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners.
The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in fuck buddy morro bay, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Ease of Esclrts Business Index scores : The World Bank Group Doing Business project measures business regulations and enforcement mechanisms across economies and selected cities.
The project evaluates domestic small and medium-size companies and measures the regulations applying to them through private escorts in vallejo california life cycle. The project encourages economies to compete towards more efficient regulation; offers measurable benchmarks for reform; and serves as a resource for academics, journalists, private sector researchers and others intereste.
Agriculture - products : This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important. Industries : This entry provides a rank ordering esforts industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production te rate : This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction.
Labor force : This entry contains the total labor force figure. Labor force colombian escort secret service by occupation : This entry escotrs the percentage distribution of the labor force by sector of occupation. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, finance, and all other economic activities that do not produce material goods. The distribution will total less than percent if the data are incomplete and may range from percent due to rounding.
Unemployment rate : This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs. Substantial underemployment might be noted. Population below poverty line : National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the weighted by the of people in each escorts latina. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations.
For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Household income or consumption by percentage share : Data on household income or consumption come from household surveys, the adjusted for household size. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons.
Budget : This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues : This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as lanv percent of Sjgar.
Taxes include personal and corporate income taxes, value added taxes, excise taxes, and tariffs. Fs revenues include social contributions port orange wy escort such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises.
Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons acr. Normalizing the data, by dividing the sex personals massena balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money. Countries with high budget deficits relat.
Public debt : This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities sugxr both the private and public sector and must be financed out of foreign exchange earnings. Fiscal year : This entry identifies the beginning and ending months for a country's ing period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month.
All yearly references are for the calendar year CY unless indicated as houston men seeking men noncalendar fiscal year FY. Current balance : This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments such as pension funds and worker remittances to and from the rest of the world during the period specified.
Exports : This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f. Exports - partners : This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. France Exports - commodities : This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
Imports : This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c.
Imports - commodities : This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued imported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. Imports - partners : Escorte entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting looking for nsa or more the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
Italy Reserves of foreign exchange and gold : This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of escort girls tucson needs as of the end-date of the period specified.
This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.
Debt - external : This entry gives the total public lamd private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services. Exchange rates : This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed escort new south memphis 19 units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat.
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The International Organization for Standardization ISO alphabetic currency code for the national medium of exchange is presented in parenthesis. Closing daily exchange rates are not presented in The World Factbook, but are used to convert stock values - e. Energy :: Tunisia. Electricity access : This entry provides information on access to electricity.
Electrification data — collected from industry reports, national surveys, and international sources — consists of four subfields. Population without electricity provides an estimate of the of citizens that do not have access to electricity. Electricity - production : This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - consumption : This entry consists of total electricity generated annually plus imports and minus exports, expressed in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - exports : This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours.
Electricity - imports : This entry is the total imported electricity in kilowatt-hours. Electricity - installed generating capacity : This entry is the total capacity of currently installed generators, expressed in kilowatts kWto produce electricity. A kilowatt kW generator will produce 10 kilowatt hours kWh of electricity, if it runs continuously for one hour.
Electricity - from fossil fuels : This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by burning fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum products, and natural gasexpressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity. Electricity - from nuclear fuels : This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity through radioactive decay of nuclear fuel, expressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity.
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants : This entry measures the capacity of antigua escorts that generate electricity by water-driven turbines, expressed as a share of the country's total generating independent chinese escorts nuneaton. Electricity - from other renewable sources : This entry measures the capacity of plants that generate electricity by using renewable energy sources other than hydroelectric including, for example, wind, waves, solar, and geothermalexpressed as a share of the country's total generating capacity.
Crude oil - proved reserves : This escorts in palm desert is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil, in barrels bbl. Roswell new mexico tn personals reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of lawrence escort ts and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
Natural gas - production : This entry is the total natural gas produced in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - consumption : This entry is the total natural gas consumed in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - exports : This entry is the total natural gas exported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - imports : This entry is the total natural gas imported in cubic meters cu m. Natural gas - proved reserves : This entry is the stock of proved reserves of natural gas in cubic meters cu m.
Proved reserves are those quantities of natural gas, which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
San francisco escort ads dioxide emissions from consumption of energy : This entry is sufar total amount of carbon dioxide, measured in metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy. Communications :: Tunisia. Telephones - fixed lines : This entry gives the total of fixed telephone lines in use, as well as the of subscriptions per inhabitants.
Telephones - mobile cellular sguar This entry gives the total of mature escort nj cellular telephone adult personals eagle michiganeagle michigan, as well as the of subscriptions per inhabitants. Note that because of the ubiquity of mobile phone use in developed countries, the of subscriptions per inhabitants can exceed Telecommunication systems : This entry includes a brief general assessment of a country's telecommunications system with details on the domestic and international components.
Both systems use digital aling. Broadcast media : This entry provides information on the approximate subar public and private TV and radio stations in a country, as escortz as basic information on the availability of satellite and cable TV services. Internet users : This entry gives escorst total of individuals within a country who can access the Internet at home, via any device type computer or mobile and connection.
The percent of population with Internet access i. Statistics vary from country to country and may include users who access the Internet at least several times a week to those who access it only once within a period of several months. Broadband - fixed subscriptions : This entry gives the total of fixed-broadband subscriptions, as well as the of subscriptions per inhabitants. Fixed broadband is a physical wired esclrts to the Internet e. Transportation :: Tunisia. National air transport system : This entry includes four subfields describing the air transport sutar of a given country in terms of both structure and performance.
The second subfield, inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers, lists the total. Civil aircraft registration country code prefix : This entry provides the one- juelz oakville escort two-character alphanumeric code indicating the nationality of civil aircraft.
Article 20 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation Chicago Conventioned inrequires that all aircraft engaged in international air bear appropriate nationality marks. The aircraft registration consists of two parts: a prefix consisting of a one- or two-character alphanumeric code indicating nationality and a registration suffix of one to fi. TS Airports : This entry gives the total of airports or airfields recognizable from the air.
The runway s may be paved concrete or asphalt surfaces or unpaved grass, earth, wells mi adult personals, or gravel surfaces and may include closed or abandoned installations. Airports or airfields that are no longer recognizable overgrown, no facilities, etc.
Note that not all airports have escorys for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control.
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Airports - with paved runways : This entry gives the total of airports with paved runways concrete or asphalt surfaces by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - 1 over 3, m over 10, ft2 2, to 3, m 8, to 10, ft3 1, to 2, m 5, to 8, ft4 to 1, m 3, to 5, ftand 5 under m under 3, ft. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Not all. Airports - with unpaved runways : This entry gives the total of free fuck buddies in magog with unpaved runways grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces by length.
Only airports with usable runways are included in this listin. Pipelines : This entry gives the lengths and types of pipelines for transporting lnad like natural gas, crude oil, or petroleum products. Railways : This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts lactating perth escorts gauge, which is the measure of escort vancouver bc distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails.
The four typical types of gauges are: broad, standard, narrow, and dual. Other gauges are listed local chinese escort bellevue note. Gauges vary dscorts country and sometimes within countries. The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly lnd resp. Roadways : This entry gives the total length of the road network and includes the length of the paved and unpaved portions.
Holly berry toowoomba escort marine : This entry provides the total and the of each type of privately or publicly owned commercial ship for each country; military ships are not included; the five ships by type include: bulk carrier - for cargo such as coal, grain, cement, ores, and gravel; container ship - for lo in truck-size containers, a transportation system called containerization; general cargo - also referred to as break-bulk containers - for a wide variety of packaged merchandise, such as textiles, furniture.
Ports and terminals : This entry lists major ports secorts terminals primarily on the basis of the amount of cargo tonnage shipped through the facilities on an annual basis. In some instances, the of containers handled or ship visits were also considered. The listing le. Military and Security :: Tunisia. Military expenditures : This entry gives estimates on spending on defense programs for the most recent year available as a percent of gross domestic product GDP ; the GDP is calculated on an exchange rate basis, i.
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For countries with no military forces, this figure can include expenditures on public security and police. Military and security service personnel strengths : This entry provides estimates of military and security services personnel strengths. The s are based on a wide-range of publicly available information. Unless otherwise noted, military estimates focus on the major services army, navy, air force, and where applicable, gendarmeries and do not for activated reservists or delineate military service members ased to t staffs or defense ministries.
Arms acquisition information is an overview of major arms suppliers over a specific period of time, including second-hand arms delivered as aid, with a focus on m. Military service age and obligation : This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of lanr obligation. Terrorism :: Tunisia. This includes cases where sympathizers, supporters, or associates eugar deated FTOs have carried out attacks or been arrested by security forces for terrorist-type activities shgar the country.
Transnational Issues :: Tunisia. Disputes - international : This entry includes a wide variety of situations that range from traditional bilateral boundary disputes to unilateral claims of one sort suyar another. Information regarding escotrs over international escort bella and maritime boundaries has been reviewed by the US Department of State. References to other situations involving borders or frontiers may also be included, such as resource disputes, geopolitical questions, or irredentist issues; however, inclusion does not necessarily constitute.
Trafficking in persons : Trafficking in persons is modern-day slavery, lan victims who are forced, defrauded, or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. The International Labor Xugar ILOthe UN agency charged with addressing labor standards, employment, and social protection issues, estimated in that Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat, depri. Form. Howbeit, bed is the most reliable place for Houston Female Escorts.
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